Miloli’i Community-Based Subsistence Fishing Area Receives Land Board Approval

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The State Board of Land and Natural Resources adopted rules to designate the Miloli‘i Community Based Subsistence Fishing Area, or CBSFA, on Hawai‘i Island.

The designation is intended to ensure abundant stocks of priority species and high-quality fishing now and in the future for residents and visitors to Miloli‘i and to reaffirm and perpetuate fishing practices that were customarily and traditionally exercised for Native Hawaiian subsistence, culture, or religion along the southwest coast of Hawai‘i Island, the Department of Land and Natural Resources stated in a news release on Thursday, June 9.

In 2005, Miloliʻi became the first permanent, legislatively designated CBSFA in Hawaiʻi.

Following the numerous community-led public community workshops and meetings, the DLNR Division of Aquatic Resources, DAR, conducted statewide public scoping last December.

“The Miloliʻi CBSFA is an excellent example of the interweaving of traditional and modern scientific knowledge and improving DLNR’s and the community’s capacity to co-manage the state’s public trust resources,” DAR Administrator Brian Neilson said in testimony before the board.


The nearshore ecosystems of the South Kona coast of Hawaiʻi Island teemed with life and abundance which supported pockets of human settlements over the last 500 years. The fishing families of Miloliʻi have continued these traditions and refer to Miloliʻi as their icebox.

Billed as “The Last Fishing Village in Hawai‘i”, the coastal areas surrounding Miloli‘i are one of the last pockets in the state where traditional Hawaiian fishing practices have been preserved and are still practiced today. Unique to Miloliʻi and other South Kona communities is the documented relatively high number of villagers who noted fishing as their primary occupation.

“This has been a long road for the people of Miloli‘i, but they persevered, and the designation of the CBSFA will ensure long-term sustainable populations of fish and other marine species and encourage the scientific study and understanding of subsistence fishing management,” BLNR Chair Suzanne Case said.

DAR staff worked closely with the Miloliʻi-based community group, Kalanihale, to develop rules to meet these goals.


Kalanihale did considerable outreach work to gather support for these rules from members of the Miloliʻi community and other stakeholders in the South Kona area.

The CBSFA rules include:

Size and/or bag limits for pāku‘iku‘I, kole, uhu, opihi, and ula

Seasonal restrictions for kole, ‘ōpelu, ‘ū ‘ū, and uhu

No take of terminal males (blue) of the larger uhu species


No take of female ‘a‘ama with eggs

No take of ‘opihi kō‘ele

No commercial aquarium fishing

Specific gear and species restrictions within several sub-areas within the broader CBSFA boundary

“The community really embraced the concept of community-based. While a few people objected to some of the specific rules, the strong majority of people who offered comments during public hearing and scoping meetings supported CBSFA designation. This includes many young people, and their statements were often the most moving and meaningful, which shows this community is dedicated to preserving its way of life now and in perpetuity,” Neilson concluded.

The Miloli‘i Community Subsistence Fishing Area becomes official after Gov. David Ige signs off on it.

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